• No results found

A new Subdivision Algorithm for the Intersection of Parametric Surfaces

N/A
N/A
Protected

Academic year: 2022

Share "A new Subdivision Algorithm for the Intersection of Parametric Surfaces"

Copied!
129
3
0
Vis mer ( sider)

Fulltekst

(1)

!""#$%&('*)+#$&-,-./!0%12'43

576 0%%89!:7!;(<>=?@ 6 0%>%&BA"CD)E@)+1FG!.H' 6 02IJ#KC) 6 0

LNMOQP RHS8TMVUWQX

Y

MVZ\[]^R_8` RbaVR$Wc.WedfLhgVP MVgVPiajROkLN`L ajR$ZilfOm_8UR$g%nbWeL ajRO

R$logVROkp<qN`KXmq WeOkaVR$WGXmR_8UVgVlfOm_8UR$gsrtloOeOQRgOe_8ULSuXeR$g

MVgKXmR$W<ajR$Wv9R$lwXmMVgVPix qNg

RZsyzglwx{y|.WeqhS}yjrtlodwUVRdwZ~GLhWmXmU€

‚

gƒO}Xel„XeMjX-…† ‡+S

T

MWbˆ‰qNZiŠVMjXeR$WePNW8LhŠVUlw`‹MVgƒasŒdwP qNWel„XeUVZiR$gsR$logVPNRWmRlo_8UKX

LhgajR$W*R_8UVgloOe_8UVR$gzglwx R$W8OQlwX TLhXGrtloR$g9€

Ž

Lh`MVdwX TLhXkSMVW*R_8UVgVlfOe_8UVRELXeMVWe]kloOeOQRgOe_8ULSuXeR$g7MgaT

‚

gjS‘qNWeZ‹LXmlo`{€

x qNg

p<lwŠd’y“•”–LXmU9y—ELX’˜QL ~ MVUdwRW€T

”™LXeWmlo`NRdwgMVZiZiR$Wkš›hœ ›j…†Kœj€

v9LNMajqNgP LNOeOmRžKŸ…›j€

Œ“e… N†N (rtloR$g€

T

¡

OQXmRWmWeR$lf_8U€

P R$¢qNWeR$gLhZ£œ œjyo… yw…šN‡Nš+lwg%”™LNWm`KXmWeRaV]kl„X

Y

€Vp<R$MjX8Om_8UVdfLhgƒa¤y

rtloR$g9€VlwZ¥NMgVl*œh   V… y

(2)

°²±h³‘´¶µi·j´¤¸º¹V³‘»‘¼ ½¾H¿jÀeÁÂž·¾H¼HöÀÄ

Å

¾+Ɓ³u±>Âb±¼/¾H±

Å9Å

´¤¹

Å

´ÆÈÇ ´ƒ¼/±¾$É/¼jÄ

Å

¼/Ê

Å

´¹–Ɓ³u±hÉ/±¾+Ë(¾HÌ!±h³u¼Í

½¾H¿jÀeÁ½

Å

¾$¹V·¼Hä¿jÀ’±¾(À Ä

Å

¾+Ɓ³u±

Ä

Ç-Ì!±¾$´9·jÁÎ%±‹Æ¤±hÉ+ϋ¿j¾$±À’±¾$·¼/±hÉhÍ

Î%±h³‘´¤±h´Èϋ¿V»Ð»u±¹j±h´ÈÀ Ä

Å

¾+Ɓ·jÉ+·j´¤¹j±h´±hÁÎ%±7Ë(¾HÌ!±h³u¼HÉ/¸{»‘³‘Ι·

Å

´ÆºÆ³‘±‹À·jÑÁ»‘³‘Ñä±

Å

´Æº¼/±hÑ$Ã9´³‘ÉHÑä±7Ç ´¼/±¾$ÉH¼Ä

Å

¼/Ê

Å

´¤¹¤Í

Î%±h³‘´¤±¾E¹V·j´¤Ê±h´Óҁ·jΙ³‘»Ð³u±

Å

´ÆÈ·j»‘»‘±h´ÈÎ%±h³‘´¤±h´ÈÒ¤¾$±

Å

´Æ¤±h´@ͤÀ Ä

Å

¾+Ƥ±¾$±h´ÓÔ ±hÆ

Å

»ÐÆ@Í

Õk±¾$É/¼ Ä·j´Æ´9³‘É

Å

´ÆÈƁ³‘±>Î%¿j¾$·j»‘³‘É$Ñ$ä±‹Ç ´¼/±¾$ÉH¼ Ä

Å

¼/Ê

Å

´¤¹¤Á

(3)

Ç ´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±h´¹j±hà ¿j¾H±h´ãÊÄ

Å

Ƥ±h´äÊ

Łå

±¾$» Ä·jÉHÉH³‘¹VÉ/¼/±h´æË »u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙ±h´çÀ Ä

Å

¾™Æ¤±h´«è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼sÊéb±h³u±¾

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘É$Ñ$ä±¾ëÒG»QÄ·jÑä±h´

ê

·¼HÑä±hÉÁì褳u±\±¾HÀÄ

Å

»‘»u±h´

å

³‘±¾íƤ±¾îÀÄ

Å

´¤ÀçË ´¤À¿j¾$Ƥ±¾

Å

´¹j±h´2·j´F±h³‘´¤±h´ï¹

Å

¼/±h´

è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

Éðžè{³u±ÓÉ$³‘´Ææ¹j±h´9·

Å

Í<Ê

Łå

±¾$»Ä·jÉHÉH³‘¹¤Í<É/±h»uÌ*É/¼ Ä·j´Æ³u¹

Å

´Æ«·

Å

À>·j»‘»u±ÓË(¾H¼/±h´

å

¿V´

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±ñ

¼/¾³‘ÉHÑ$Á±h´òÒG» Ä·jÑ$Á±h´ó·j´ƒé<±h´9ƤÌ9·¾JñÓ±h³‘´¤±«Ï‹¿VÎôÌ9³‘´9·¼H³u¿V´

å

¿V´Üõ³u¹j±h´É$Ñ$Á·À¼/±h´@ÍôÆ9³u±æ¸·

Å Î ±h³‘´ò·j´Æ¤±¾H±¾

è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉEÌ!±hÉH³‘¼/ʼÁ*µi³u±ôÁ¿Vä±7ö÷·

Å

À’ʱh³u¼

Å

´Æȱh³Ð´¶¹j¾H¿jøj±¾7è

ê

±h³‘Ñä±¾

å

±¾H́¾·

Å

Ñ$ÃÈÌ!±h³.ÉH¼/±h³u¹j±h´Æ¤±h´

Ë ´¤À¿j¾$Ƥ±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´4·j´ÜƁ³u±ùÔ ±h´·

Å

³u¹j¸j±h³u¼çƁ±¾çõ¾$¹j±Ì9´³‘ÉHÉH±jÍ

å

±¾$Á³‘´9Ƥ±¾H¼/±h´4·j»‘»‘±¾$Ɓ³‘´¤¹VÉúéb±h³u¼/¹j±hä±h´9ÆòƤ±h´

ê

¾$·¸ƒ¼H³ÐÉHÑ$ä±h´²õ³‘´É$·¼/ʋ¾H±h³‘´¤±¾+Ç ´¼/±¾$¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ$·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙ±h´@Á

û8´Æ³u±hÉ/±¾Ë-¾$Ì"±h³‘¼7éb±¾$Ƥ±h´Î%±hä¾H±¾H±üÕk±¾HÌ!±hÉHÉ/±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´ýÀÄ

Å

¾Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´

å

¿j¾H¹j±hÉHÑ$Ã9»‘·¹j±h´@Í

Ɓ±¾H±h´2ʱh´¼/¾$·j»‘±hÉîõ»u±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼à±h³‘´¤±£´±

Å

±ҁ¿j¾$Î

å

¿V´ïþ Ä

Å

»Ð»u¸ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾´ÿÌ9³‘»‘Ɓ±¼ðüƁ³u±

"!$#%&&')(•ö÷ûeõ<É*Á!Ò Ä

Å

¾iÉ$³u±7éb±¾$Ƥ±h´@Í"´¤±Ì!±h´²±h³Ð´¤±¾(À¿j¾$Ι·j»‘±h´Óµ ±+9´³‘¼H³u¿V´

Å

´9Æ-,žÃ9·¾$·¸ƒ¼/±¾³‘ÉH³u±¾

Å

´¤¹¤Í

Êéb±h³

Å

´ƒ¼/±¾$ÉHÑÁ³u±hƁ»Ð³‘Ñ$䱺ÉH³‘Ñä±¾H±¶Âb±¾H±hÑÁ´

Å

´¤¹VÉHÎ%±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´

å

¿j¾$¹j±hÉ/¼/±h»‘»u¼ÍÆ9³u±È·

Å

À(É

ê

±Êh³u±h»Ð»u±h´/.‰·10»u¿j¾?°¶¿ñ

Ɓ±h»‘»u±h´

Å

´9ƺûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±¼H³u¸"ͤ́Êé>Á9·

Å

ÀkƤ±¾(Ë

Å

É$´

Å

¼/Ê

Å

´¤¹–Ƥ±¾-³Ð´´¤±¾H±h´Óè{¼/¾

Å

¸¼

Å ¾ å

¿V´ÓË32–´¤À¿j¾$Î%±h´

Å

´ÆÈƤ±¾-Ɓ·jΖ³u¼

å

±¾HÌ

Å

´9Ƥ±h´¤±h´º·2–´¤±h´¶Ë(¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±¼H³u¸–Ì*·jÉH³u±¾H±h´@Á

ö÷ûeõ<É

Å

´¼/±¾ÉHÑ$ä±h³ÐƤ±h´ôÉ$³‘Ñ$ÃsÆ

Å

¾$ÑÃô³Ðä¾H±

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘É$Ñ$䱞Ҥ¿j¾$Î\±hÉHÉH±h´¼H³u±h»Ð»

å

¿V´%ä±¾$¸!Ä¿VΙΖ»‘³‘Ñ$Á±h´>¸j¿VÎ

ê

·¸¼/±h´

þ Ä

Å

»‘»‘¸ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾$´.ÁV褳u±-±¾$»Ð·

Å

Ì!±h´%±h³‘´¤±

å

Ä¿V»‘»Ð³u¹>´¤±

Å

± Â<±hÃ9·j´Æ»

Å

´¹7Ƥ±¾Ì!±h³*Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁÎ%±h´™·

Å

À¼/¾H±ñ

¼/±h´9Ƥ±h´).‰±h³‘»

ê

¾$¿jÌ9»u±hÎ%±jÍ!é-³u±ºè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/±hÉ/¼Í÷½G·¾$·jÎ%±¼/±¾$¹j±Ì9³u±¼HÉ/¾H±hÆ

Å

Êh³u±¾

Å

´¹¤Í÷Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉHÉ/¼/¾·¼/±¹V³u±

Å

´Æ

Ɓ±¾‹Õk±¾HÀ’±h³Ð´¤±¾

Å

´¤¹ÈƤ±¾‹õ¾H¹j±Ì9´³‘É$É/±jÁ@Ò Ä

Å

¾>Ɓ³u±hÉ/±4.‰±h³‘»

ê

¾H¿jÌ*»u±hÎ%±7éb±¾$Ƥ±h´t´±

Å

±%Ë(»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´ì±h´ƒ¼Qé-³‘Ñ$¸j±h»u¼Í

Æ9³u±s·j´úƁ³‘±ôÉ

ê

±Êh³u±h»‘»‘±h´²õ³‘¹j±h´ÉHÑ$Ã9·À’¼/±h´úƤ±¾‹ö.û8õÉi·j´¤¹j±

ê

·øj¼iÉ$³‘´Æ

Å

´Æ²Æ±¾H±h´JÔ ±hÉH·jÎô¼Hä±h³u¼i±h³‘´¤±h´ì´¤±

Å

±h´

±2–Êh³u±h´¼/±h´ÓÇ(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉbÌ9³‘»‘Ƥ±¼Á

5768 ¬9;:<>=

?

® ­N§®A@t½G·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³ÐÉHÑ$ä±ÒG»QÄ·jÑä±h´7BÓè{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼B²è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉBüÇ ´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼Häñ

Î Å

ÉB.ö‰³‘´¤±h·¾H±sû8´¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·Ì*ÉHÑ$à ķ¼/Ê

Å

´¤¹CB.ö.û8õDB!û8´¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·¾³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³u¸"Í!·2–´¤±™Ë(¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘¸EBF.‰·10»‘¿j¾ô°¶¿{Ƥ±h»‘»GB

þ Ä

Å

»‘»‘¸ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾hÁ

(4)

è Å Ì@Ɓ³

å

³‘ÉH³u¿V´ä·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁΙɖ·¾$±ì·jÎ%¿V´¹VÉ/¼º¼Hä±ÓÎ%¿VÉH¼ü¾H±h»Ð³‘·Ì9»u±²·j»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙɖÀ’¿j¾º¼Hä±ì³‘´ƒ¼/±¾$É/±hѼH³u¿V´à¿jÀ‹¼Qéb¿

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘Ñ«É

Å

¾HÀ•·jѱ

ê

·¼HÑä±hÉÁO.+ä±0P+¼JÀ¿

Å

¾ý¿jÀº¼Hä±Q+

å

±æ¾H±SR

Å

³u¾H±hΙ±h´¼HÉt¿V´ó·í¹j¿¿Æ󳑴ƒ¼/±¾$É/±hѼH³u¿V´

·j»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎÈðT.+ä±0í·¾$±±U¤·jѼÍi¾H±h»‘³‘·Ì*»u±jÍ(³‘´9Ƥ±

ê

±h´Æ¤±h´ƒ¼²·j´Æ·

êê

»‘³‘Ñ·Ì*»u±J¼/¿î·j»‘»ô¸³‘´9Ɓɶ¿jÀ

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘Ñ

É Å

¾HÀ•·jѱhÉ-ñE·ºÑ¿VÎ7Ì*³‘´·¼H³u¿V´Ó¿jÀ

ê

¾H¿

ê

±¾H¼H³‘±hÉ-¼HÁ·¼‹³‘É Á·¾$Æ9»V0

ê

¾H¿

å

³‘Ƥ±hÆÓÌ&0²·j´A0²¿j¼Hä±¾i¼0

ê

±¿jÀ·j»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙÉ

¼/¿ÈÉ/¿V»

å

±s¼HÃ9³‘É

ê

¾H¿jÌ9»u±hÎÈÁF.+ä¿

Å

¹VÃ@Í9¼Hä±%³‘´9ѾH±h·jÉH³‘´¤¹?Ñ¿V´É

Å Î ê

¼H³u¿V´Ó¿jÀÎ%±hÎ%¿j¾ 0ì·j´ÆÓ¼H³‘Î%±³‘´úÑ¿V´´¤±hѼH³u¿V´

é(³u¼HÃÓÃ9³u¹Vä±¾ ¾H±SR

Å

³u¾H±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼HÉ-¿V´ú¼HÁ±

ê

¾$±hѳ‘ÉH³u¿V´²¿jÀ¼Hä±s¾H±hÉ

Å

»‘¼HÉ(³‘´9Á³uÌ9³u¼HÉ+¼Hä±s·

ê9ê

»‘³‘Ñ·¼H³u¿V´Ó¿jÀÉ

Å

Ì!Æ9³

å

³ÐÉH³u¿V´

·j»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙÉE³Ð´

ê

¾$·jѼH³‘ѱ

Łê

¼/¿–´¤¿ é>Á

è{±

å

±¾$·j»%³‘Î

ê

¾$¿

å

±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼HÉúÀ’¿j¾tÉ

Å

Ì!Æ9³

å

³ÐÉH³u¿V´î·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁΙÉú·¾H±

ê

¾H¿

ê

¿VÉ/±hƳ‘´£¼HÁ³‘Éìé<¿j¾$¸*ÁW.+ä±äѱh´ƒ¼/±¾J¿jÀ

¼HÁ±hÉ/±–³‘Î

ê

¾H¿

å

±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼HÉ7³ÐɋÌ

Å

³‘»ÐƲÌ&0t·¶´¤±é4¸{³‘´Æú¿jÀbÌ!¿

Å

´Æ³‘´¹

å

¿V»

Å

Î%±hÉðXYZ[\X]^_`4a__b;

(•ö÷ûeõ<É*ÁÂb±hÉH³‘Ƥ±hÉ¿jÀi·úÀ¿j¾$Ι·j»EƤ±+9´9³u¼H³u¿V´·j´ÆãÑ$Á·¾·jѼ/±¾$³uÊh·¼H³u¿V´«¿jÀ ö÷ûeõ<ÉÍG¼Qéb¿J¾H±h»‘³‘·Ì*»u±?Ι±¼Hä¿Æ9ÉÀ’¿j¾

¼HÁ±úÑ¿VÎ

ê9Å

¼H·¼H³u¿V´à¿jÀ7ö÷ûeõ<É?·¾$±ú³Ð´¼/¾H¿{Æ

Å

ѱhÆ«Ì9·jÉ/±hÆà¿V´Ú·ä´¤±é

Å

´Æ¤±¾$ÉH¼H·j´Æ³‘´¤¹t¿jÀô¼Hä±

Å

É/±ì¿jÀô·2–´¤±

·¾³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘Ñ‹·j´9ƶ·%É

ê

±hѳ‘·j»@·

êê

»Ð³‘Ñ·¼H³u¿V´º¿jÀY.‰·10»‘¿j¾(°¶¿{Ƥ±h»‘É-·j´Æ¶³‘´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»@·¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³ÐяÁ

ö÷ûeõ<ÉEƁ³dc!±¾E³‘´º·j´º±hÉHÉ/±h´ƒ¼H³‘·j»!éb·10ºÀ’¾H¿VÎÿÑ¿V´

å

±h´ƒ¼H³u¿V´·j».Ñ¿VÎ

ê

·jѼ+Ì!¿

Å

´Æ³‘´¹

å

¿V»

Å

Î%±hÉEÆ

Å

±i¼/¿%¼Hä±h³u¾

ê

·¾$·Kñ

Ι±¼/¾$³‘Ñ>À¿j¾$ÎÈÁ.+ä±0¶·j»‘»‘¿Né\·–Ñ¿VÎ

ê

»‘±¼/±ô¾H±hÑ¿V´9ÉH³‘Ƥ±¾$·¼H³‘¿V´¶¿jÀ·j»‘»÷¿ÑÑ

Å

¾$³‘´¤¹–É

Å Ì ê

¾H¿jÌ*»u±hΙÉE¿jÀÉ

Å

Ì!Æ9³

å

³ÐÉH³u¿V´

·j»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙÉhÍ »‘³‘¸j±¼HÁ±ä³Ð´¼/±¾$ÉH±hѼH³u¿V´¼/±hÉ/¼Í>¼Hä±ä¾H±hÆ

Å

ѼH³u¿V´¿jÀ–¼Hä±

ê

·¾$·jΙ±¼/±¾JƤ¿VΙ·j³‘´ÉhÍ É

Å

Ì!Æ9³

å

³ÐÉH³u¿V´

ÉH¼/¾$·¼/±¹V³u±hÉ?·j´Æã¼H䱶¾$±+9´¤±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼™¿jÀi¾H±hÉ

Å

»‘¼HÉÁÒ¤¿j¾º·j»‘»+É

Å Ì ê

¾H¿jÌ9»u±hΖÉs´±é ·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Ιə·jƁ·

ê

¼/±hÆ«¼/¿ý¼Hä±

É ê

±hѳзj»bÑÁ·¾$·jѼ/±¾$³ÐÉ/¼H³‘ÑÉ%¿jÀ ö.û8õÉ·¾H±

ê

¾H¿

ê

¿VÉ/±hÆä·j´ÆäÑ¿VÎôÌ9³‘´¤±hƼ/¿J·t´¤±éÿ·j´Æä±2üѳu±h´¼%É

Å

Ì!Æ9³

å

³ÐÉH³u¿V´

·j»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎÈÁ

eÓ§Af7<

?

®gXh@

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³ÐÑ É

Å

¾HÀ•·jѱhÉB¤³‘´¼/±¾É/±hѼH³u¿V´7B¤É

Å

Ì@Ɓ³

å

³‘É$³u¿V´™·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁÎiB{»‘³‘´¤±h·¾E³‘´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»*±hÉH¼H³‘Ι·¼H³u¿V´7B

ö÷ûeõjB³‘´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»÷·¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘¸*ͤ·2–´¤±ô·¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘¸EB{¼H·S0{»u¿j¾ Î%¿Æ±h»‘ÉB{Ì!¿

Å

´Æ³‘´¹

å

¿V»

Å

Î%±hÉÁ

(5)

v ª‹¨©^¬§¨’­xw^©y: v

z Áz

Õk¿V´²Æ¤±¾+Âb±hÉ/¼H³‘ΖÎ

Å

´¹

å

¿V´²Ï‹±¹j±h»‘É$Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼/±h´@ÁuÁuÁÁ>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

z Á|{ ÁuÁuÁÊ

Å

¾ è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/Ì!±¾H±hÑÁ´

Å

´¤¹%³‘´º¸j¿VÎ

ê

»‘±U±h´¶ÒG»QÄ·jÑä±h´

å

±¾HÌ

Å

´Æ±h´ Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }

z Á|} õ³‘´È´¤±

Å

±¾(è{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î

Å

ɞÀ Ä

Å ¾ ê

·¾·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±>ÒG»Ä·jÑ$Á±h´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~

z Á~ µ ³‘±‹é-³‘Ñ$üH³u¹VÉ/¼/±h´²Â<±Ê±h³ÐÑ$Á´

Å

´¤¹j±h´

Å

´ÆºÕk±¾H±h³‘´ƒÌ9·¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´ºÁ>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €



5F68 ©‰¨’­h­ƒ‚X9®9„秭N®¨h 68 §®ƒ…-¬†=9 68 §©‡@

ˆ¶¨§‰„Š9¤­

8

§&„Š9¤­ ¨h 68

§i…

?

®„‹w^¬¨§®w^©y:)g^§hŒ>®

?EŽ

¬§„)h 

{Áz ½^·¾·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±7ÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´

Å

´9Æ?ÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´¤¸

Å ¾ å

±h´)‘Ë Å

Ι·j´9´‹’|“}”Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á •

{Á|{ Ë(´·j»–0ƒ¼H³‘É$Ñ$ä±

Å

´Æ4·j»u¹j±Ì9¾$·j³‘ÉHÑä±àö Ä¿VÉ

Å

´¤¹VÉ$·j´É Ä·¼/ʱàÀ Ä

Å

¾Æ¤±h´ÿè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼

ê

·¾$·jΙ±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±¾

Ò^»mÄ·jÑ$ä±h´ Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á —

{Á|} Ò¤¿j¾$ΠƁ±¾(è{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±h´ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “

˜

ªš™÷¨Zhh­ ¨§ƒ®K§©yg^§œ›T=

?

h1w^©:EhS99©yha=9¤­1ž§

v

}Áz ϋ¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸ƒ¼H³

å

±iÕk±¾HÀ•·jä¾H±h´ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z }

}Á|{ Ë(»u¹j±Ì9¾$·j³‘ÉHÑä±>ö Ä¿VÉ

Å

´¤¹VÉ

å

±¾HÀ•·jä¾H±h´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z }

}Á|} µ ³ÐÉ/¸ƒ¾$±¼H³‘ÉH³u±¾

Å

´¤¹VÉHÎ%±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ~

}Á~ Õk±¾HÀ’¿V»‘¹

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ~

}Á~¤Á

z

Âb±hÉ/¼H³‘ΙÎ

Å

´¤¹

å

¿V´Óè{¼H·¾H¼

ê9Å

´¤¸¼/±h´ Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z €

}Á~¤Á|{ Õk±¾HÀ¿V»u¹

Å

´¤¹™Æ¤±¾iè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±ºÁ‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z —

}Á|€ Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z “

}Á|• Ë(´Æ±¾H±7°¶±¼HÁ¿Æ¤±h´?Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á { z

}Á Ÿ è{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±h´ºÎ™³u¼

å

±¾$³V+9Êh³u±¾H¼/±h´Èõ¾$¹j±Ì9´³‘ÉHÉH±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á { z

}Á|— Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃÈÌ!±hÉ/¼/±hä±h´Æ¤±¾ °¶±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á {{

¡ ˆi9;h¢e

?

©yžV§&‚÷­rg‰§&h¢99¬•¬:9§„秨•©‰§©¤£¶©"­N§®N­N§{¨•¬_w‰©y:hS9*¬Z:

?

®¨’­

8

„‹wyh¥w‰©yg§¦?©yha=9¤­xžV§©¨S=w‰®

„Q=

?

:*¬•¨68 §>ª>§ƒ®

Ž

§&hShh§®w^©:*§© ;¡

~¤Á

z

µ(±¾(Ë(»‘»‘¹j±hÎ%±h³‘´¤±>Ç ´¼/±¾$¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ$·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å É Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á {~

~¤Á|{ ° Ä¿j¹V»‘³ÐÑ$ä±7Ë ´É Ä·¼/ʱ7Ê

Å

¾+Õk±¾HÌ!±hÉHÉ/±¾

Å

´¤¹ìÁ‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á {•

~¤Á|} ö÷³‘´¤±h·¾$± û8´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»Ð»‘·Ì9ÉHÑà ķ¼/Ê

Å

´¤¹j±h´Ó·j»‘ɞʱh´¼/¾·j»u±hÉ-õ<»u±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼-³‘Îÿ´¤±

Å

±h´²Ë(»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉäÁ>Á‹Á {aŸ

« ˆ¶¨§Óª‹¨•©h 68 ¬•¨’§&¬7w‰©y:h1­®=

?

®‚§ƒ®@

›b¨•©‰§99® §>¯h©"­N§ƒ®x°C99¬•¬9

Ž h 68 =9¤­1žAw^©y:9§{©

±

€Á

z

Ë(»‘»‘¹j±hÎ%±h³‘´¤±‹µ ±+9´³u¼H³‘¿V´ Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á {“

(6)

Å å Å

€Á|} Â<±¾$±hÑ$Á´

Å

´¤¹–Ζ³u¼Eþ(³‘»‘À’±‹·2–´¤±¾ Ë-¾³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³u¸ Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á } z

€Á~ õ³u¹j±h´É$Ñ$Á·À¼/±h´¶ö÷³Ð´¤±h·¾H±¾+û8´¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»Ð·Ì9ÉHÑ$Ã

Ä

·¼/Ê

Å

´¤¹j±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }}

€Á~¤Áz õYU¤³‘É/¼/±h´¤Ê

Å

´Æµ´

Ťå

±¾$»QÄ·jÉ$ÉH³u¹j¸j±h³u¼ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }}

€Á~¤Á|{ ö÷³‘´±h·¾H±‹½¾ Ä·Êh³‘É$³u¿V´àÁ>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }}

€Á~¤Á|} ϋ¿V´

å

±¾H¹j±h´¤Ê4Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }}

€Á|€ ö.û8õÉ

å

¿V´àÒG» Ä·jÑ$ä±h´àΙ³u¼ü褳‘´¤¹

Å

»‘·¾³u¼ Ä·¼/±h´@Í<è±h»uÌ*É/¼HÆ

Å

¾$ÑÁƤ¾$³Ð´¤¹

Å

´¤¹j±h´

Å

´ÆE¶ ¿{Ƥ±¾–É/¼H·¾$¸j±¾

ϋ¾ Ä

Å

ΙÎ

Å

´¤¹ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }~

€Á|€Áz µ ±¾-õ³‘´;·

Å ø å

¿V´Óè{³‘´¹

Å

»‘·¾$³u¼ Ä·¼/±h´ Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }~

€Á|€Á|{ µ ±¾-õ³‘´;·

Å ø å

¿V´¶µ ¿

êê

±h»

ê9Å

´¸ƒ¼/±h´üÁ>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }•

€Á|€Á|} ÒG»QÄ·jÑ$ä±h´²Î™³u¼+É/¼H·¾H¸j±h´Óϋ¾VÄ

Å

ΖÎ

Å

´¹j±h´Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }•

€Á|• Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑöƤ±¾-Âb±¾H±hÑÁ´

Å

´¤¹VÉHÎ%±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }aŸ

€Á Ÿ Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃ

å

¿V´²ö÷ûeõ¸É+Ι³u¼+·j´Æ±¾H±h´¶õ³Ð´ÉHÑ$Ã9»‘³u±ø

Å

´¤¹VÉH¸ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾$´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }—

€Á ŸƒÁ

z

ϋ¿VÎ

ê

·¸¼/±7ϋ¿V´ƒ¼/¾$·

ê

·¾·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±7þ

Ä

Å

»‘»u¸ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾žÁ>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }—

€Á ŸƒÁ|{ ö.û8õÉ

Å

´9ÆÈ·jÑ$ÁÉ/±h´

ê

·¾$·j»‘»u±h»‘±>õ³‘´É$Ñ$Á»‘³‘±ø

Å

´¤¹j±h´BÁ>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á }“

€Á ŸƒÁ|} ö.û8õÉ

Å

´9ÆȽ^·¾·j»‘»u±h»u±

ê ³ê

±hƁ± Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~a³

 ˆÈ§ƒ®

5768

©‰¨’­h­ §h­ƒw^©yg¹gG¨§œº?§gwyž¨§ƒ®w‰©y:/g‰§&h»Œš9®9„ý§ƒ­N§®x:*§

Ž

¨§­ §h ¡˜

•Áz µ(±¾iè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼EÊé<±h³‘±¾(½G·¾$·j»‘»u±h»‘¿j¹j¾$·jΙÎ%±>³‘Îû¼3½ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~A}

•Á

z Áz

Ô ±¿VÎ%±¼/¾$³ÐÉHÑ$ä±ôö Ä¿VÉ

Å

´¹ Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~A€

•Áz Á|{ Âb±¾H±hÑ$Á´

Å

´¤¹üƤ±hÉ(è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼HÉ/±¹VΙ±h´¼HÉ+Ζ³u¼+þ(³Ð»uÀ’±

å

¿V´²ûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±¼H³u¸ Á>Á>Á‹Á ~A€

•Áz Á|} è¿V´Æ¤±¾$À Ä·j»‘»‘± Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~A—

•Á|{ µ(±¾iè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼EÊé<±h³‘±¾(ö.û8õÉ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~A“

•Á|{Áz µi³u±>Ɓ³u¾H±¸¼/±7°²±¼Hä¿Æ±ëÁ>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ~A“

•Á|{Á|{ µ ±¾ƒ¾/½G·¾$·j»‘»u±h»u¿j¹j¾·jΙÎñQË »u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

É ¿À Ä

Å

¾+ö÷ûeõ<É Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €³

•Á|{Á|} è¿V´Æ¤±¾$À Ä·j»‘»‘± Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €{

•Á|} õ³u¹j±h´É$Ñ$Á·À¼/±h´¶Æ¤±¾+û8´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»Ð»‘ÉHÑ$Ã9´³u¼/¼HÉ/¼/¾H±hÑ$¸j±h´iÀ&ÁÂÃÀÄÂ[Å7Á

Å

´ÆµÅÄüÁ7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €{

•Á|}Áz µi³u±7°²³‘¼/¼/±h»

ê9Å

´¤¸¼HÉ/¹j±¾$·jƁ± Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €{

•Á|}Á|{ õ³‘´9ÉHÑ$Á»Ð³u±øj±h´Æ¤±>Ô ±¾$·jƤ±h´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €}

•Á|}Á|} õ³‘´9ÉHÑ$Á»Ð³u±ø

Å

´¤¹VÉ/±h³‘¹j±h´ÉHÑ$Ã9·À’¼ Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €€

•Á|}Á~ Ë(»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €€

•Á~ è{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/±hÉ/¼

Å

´ÆȽG·¾$·jΙ±¼/±¾H¹j±Ì9³u±¼HÉ/¾$±hÆ

Å

Êh³u±¾

Å

´¤¹%À

Ä

Å

¾+Ò^» Ä·jÑ$ä±h´

ê

·¼HÑ$ä±hÉüÁ>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €aŸ

•Á|€ Æ ¾$³u±h´ƒ¼H³u±¾H¼/±™õ<³‘´ÉHÑÁ»‘³u±ø

Å

´¹j±h´tƤ±¾è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±ü³‘´JƤ±h´ç½^·¾·jÎ%±¼/±¾H¹j±Ì9³u±¼/±h´

Å

´9ÆJ³‘Î

Æ ÌÇ/±¸ƒ¼/¾$·

Å Î Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á €“

•Á|• Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃ

å

¿V´ìè{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/±hÉH¼HÉEÀ

Ä

Å

¾+ö.û8õÉ+Ι³‘¼+è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼/±hÉ/¼HÉEÀ

Ä

Å

¾+·j´Æ¤±¾H±>õ<³‘´ÉHÑÁ»‘³u±ø

Å

´¤¹VÉ/¸

Ä

¿j¾

ê

±¾-•

z

È £¶©"­N§®N­N§{¨•¬_w‰©y:hShh­N®x9­N§:"¨§©¹w‰©ygɦ

ŽXŽ

®w 68 ­@®¨Ð­ §ƒ®¨§©  ¡

ŸƒÁz Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉHÉ/¼/¾$·¼/±¹V³‘±h´ºÁ‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á •~

ŸƒÁ|{ Ë-́Ì9¾

Å

Ñ$Á¸ƒ¾$³‘¼/±¾$³u±h´ Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ••

Ê ¯S„)‚G¬§&„ç§{©"­ ¨§ƒ®w‰©y:‹g^§h 5768

©^¨’­h­199¬:

?

®K¨’­

8

„‹wyh  Ê

—Áz µ ³‘±>³‘Î

ê

»u±hΙ±h´¼H³u±¾$¼/±h´ºÕ·¾$³‘·j´ƒ¼/±h´²Æ¤±hÉ(è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉàÁ>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á •—

—Á|{ .÷±hÑÁ´³‘ÉHÑä±>µ ±¼H·j³‘»‘ÉßÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á Ÿ³

³

(7)

Ž Ž ?

“Áz Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃ

å

±¾$ÉHÑÁ³u±hƤ±h´¤±¾(þ Ä

Å

»Ð»u¸ ¿j¾Ä

ê

±¾

Å

´9Ʋè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/±hÉ/¼HÉÁ>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á Ÿ}

“Á|{ Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑöƤ±¾-Ç ´¼/±¾$¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ$É/¼/¾$·¼/±¹V³u±h´ëÁ>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ŸŸ

“Á|} Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃ

å

±¾$ÉHÑÁ³u±hƤ±h´¤±¾(Ë-́Ì9¾

Å

Ñ$Á¸ƒ¾$³‘¼/±¾$³u±h´üñÏÎ

Å

·j»‘³‘¼NÄ·¼+Ƥ±¾-õ¾$¹j±Ì9´³‘ÉHÉH±ëÁ>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á — z

“Á~ Õk±¾H¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃãƤ±¾™õ¾H¹j±Ì*´³‘ÉHÉ/±ºÎ™³u¼%Ƥ±hÎ Ã0́¾$³‘Ƥ±h´õ

ê ³ê

±hƁ·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î

Å

Éô·

Å

ɵ‘þ Å

Ì!±¾Í’|““”

Å

´ÆБþ Å

Ì!±¾W’|“—”7Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á —aŸ

“Á|€ ½¾H¿jÌ9»‘±hÎ%± Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ——

“Á|• ´ Å

ÉH·jΙΙ±h´¤À·jÉ$É

Å

´¤¹Æ¤±¾j.‰±hÉ/¼/±¾H¹j±Ì9´9³‘ÉHÉ/±‹Ê

Å

±h³Ð´¤±hÎ ´¤±

Å

±h´ìè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î

Å É Á>Á>Á‹Á —“

v&Ñ º)=w 6 ­Ò\w‰©ygɦÓwyh

Ž

¬•¨6 ­ ±v

¦ ª>§ƒ®¨ZÔXžƒ¨’§® ­N§hƒºü§

68

©‰§© ±E˜

z Áz ûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±¼H³u¸FÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “}

z Áz Áz

µ ±+9´³u¼H³u¿V´±h´

Å

´ÆÈÂb±Ê±h³‘Ñ$Á´

Å

´¤¹j±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “}

z Áz Á|{ ¼+±h»‘·¼H³‘¿V´¤±h´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “~

z Áz Á|} Ë-¾³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘É$Ñ$ä±ÕÆ

ê

±¾$·¼H³u¿V´±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “~

z Áz

Á~ Õk±¸ƒ¼/¿j¾$±h´

Å

´Æ¶°Ó·¼/¾$³uʱh´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “~

z Áz Á|€ ûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·

Å

ÉHé<±¾H¼

Å

´¤¹%·¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³ÐÉHÑ$ä±¾+Ë

Å

ÉHƁ¾ Ä

Å

ÑH¸j±?Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “€

z Áz Á|• ö÷³‘´±h·¾H±iûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»u¹V»u±h³‘ÑÃ

Å

´¤¹VÉHÉ0{É/¼/±hÎ%±ïÁ>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “•

z Áz Á Ÿ ûeÎ

ê

»u±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼H³u±¾

Å

´¹j±h´ãÁ>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “aŸ

z Á|{ Ëj2–´±>Ë-¾$³‘¼HÁÎ%±¼H³u¸-‘Ë(´Æ¾$·jƤ±‹±¼-·j» Á7’|“~a” Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “aŸ

z Á|{Áz µ ±+9´³u¼H³u¿V´±h´

Å

´ÆÈÂb±Ê±h³‘Ñ$Á´

Å

´¤¹j±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “aŸ

z

Á|{Á|{ ϋ¿V´

å

±¾H¼H³u±¾

Å

´¹%ûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±¼H³u¸;¶KËj2–´± Ë(¾$³u¼HÁΙ±¼H³u¸\Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “aŸ

z Á|{Á|} Ëj2ü´¤±ÖÆ

ê

±¾$·¼H³u¿V´¤±h´ëÁ>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “—

z Á|{Á~ ×(³ÐÑ$ü-·2–´¤±ÖÆ

ê

±¾$·¼H³‘¿V´¤±h´JÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á “—

z

Á|{Á|€ ûeÎ

ê

»u±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼H³u±¾

Å

´¹j±h´ãÁ>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ““

z Á|} .‰·10»u¿j¾Î%¿Æ±h»‘»u±jÍؑÂb±¾HÊjÍ*þ(¿jÀÉH¼ Ä·¼/¼/±¾Ö’|“—”ùÁ>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ““

z Á|}Áz µ ±+9´³u¼H³u¿V´±h´

Å

´Æ²Ô ¾

Å

´9Ɓ»‘·¹j±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á ““

z

Á|}Á|{ Ë-¾³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘É$Ñ$䱋Ë

Å

ÉHƤ¾

Ä

Å

ÑH¸j± Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³³

z Á|}Á|} Ô ¾

Å

´9ƤÀ

Å

´¤¸ƒ¼H³‘¿V´¤±h´Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³ z

Ù Ù%¨

Ž

¬•¨

?

:9®9;‚

8

¨§

5768

©‰¨’­h­x99¬:

?

®¨’­

8

„ý§{© vс

{Áz Õk±¾HÀ’¿V»‘¹

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a{

{Áz Áz è¼H·¾H¼

ê9Å

´¤¸ƒ¼/±úÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a{

z

Á|{ ö.¿¿

ê

Ƥ±¼/±hѼH³u¿V´Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³a{

{Áz Á|} Õk±¾HÀ¿V»u¹

Å

´¤¹ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a}

{Áz Á~ ½G·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘É$³u±¾

Å

´¤¹%Ƥ±¾iè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å ± Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a}

z

Á|€ ϋ¿VÎ

ê

»‘±¼/¼/±>Ë(»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³a}

{Áz Á|• ϋ¿V´

å

±¾H¹j±h´¤Ê

å

¿V´²Õk±¾HÀ’¿V»‘¹

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´òÁ‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³~

{Á|{ õ³‘´ƒÌ!±¼/¼

Å

´¤¹VÉHÎ%±¼HÁ¿Æ¤±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³~

{Á|} Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³~

{Á|}Áz Ë(ÑÁÉ/±h´

ê

·¾$·j»‘»u±h»u±‹Âb¿

Å

´Æ9³‘´¤¹%Âb¿SU{±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³~

{Á|}Á|{ Æ ¾$³u±h´ƒ¼H³u±¾H¼/±‹Âb¿

Å

´Æ9³‘´¤¹%Âb¿SU{±h´

Å

´9Æ?½G·¾$·j»Ð»u±h»u±

ê ³ê

±hƤ±ïÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³a€

{Á|}Á|} ¼+±hÆ

Å

Êh³u±¾

Å

´¤¹Æ¤±hÉ+½G·¾$·jΙ±¼/±¾H¹j±Ì9³u±¼/±hÉ Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³a€

(8)

å

{Á|}Á|€ × Å

¾+Â<¿

Å

´Æ³‘´¤¹%Âb¿SU{±h´úÁ>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a•

{Á|}Á|• Ë(»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±h´çƁ³u±ºÇ(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´ýÀ

Ä

Å

¾Ï

Å ¾ å

±h´

Å

´9ÆçÒG»Ä·jÑä±h´

å

±¾/ñ

é<±h´9Ƥ±h´ Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a•

{Á~ Ë(»u¹j±Ì9¾$·j³‘ÉHÑä±7°¶±¼HÁ¿Æ¤±h´ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³a•

{Á|€ µ ³ÐÉ/¸ƒ¾$±¼H³‘ÉH³u±¾

Å

´¤¹VÉHÎ%±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³AŸ

{Á|• ϋ¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸ƒ¼H³

å

±>°²±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³AŸ

{Á Ÿ þj0́¾$³‘Ɓ±i°²±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³AŸ

{Á ŸƒÁz Ë(»‘¹j±Ì¾$·j³‘ÉHÑä±

Å

´Æ?Õk±¾HÀ¿V»u¹

Å

´¹VÉHÎ%±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³AŸ

{Á ŸƒÁ|{ Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ8ñ

Å

´ÆºÕk±¾$À’¿V»u¹

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁÎ%±h´ Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³AŸ

{Á ŸƒÁ|} è Å Ì@Ɓ³

å

³‘ÉH³‘¿V´

Å

´ÆÈþ(±¾$Ι³u¼/±>Ë

êê

¾$¿SU¤³‘Ι·¼H³u¿V´²Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³AŸ

{Á|— è{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±h´@ͤƁ³u±iû8´¼/±¾

å

·j»fñ́Êé7Á9·2–´¤±>Ë(¾$³u¼HÁΙ±¼H³u¸

å

±¾Héb±h´Æ¤±h´óÁ>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

z

³a—

{Á|—Áz Ë-¾$¼H³u¸j±h»ÍÆ³u±W.‰±h³‘»

ê

¾$¿jÌ9»u±hÎ%±iΙ³u¼Eû8´¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»Ð·¾$³u¼HÁÎ%±¼H³‘¸–»Ä¿VÉ/±h´ Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a—

{Á|—Á|{ ϋ¿VÎ

ê

»‘±¼/¼/±ôè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±h´ÈƁ³u±‹·

Å À å

±¾$³V+Êh³‘±¾H¼/±hÎÚ¼+±hÑÁ´¤±h´ÈÌ!±¾

Å

ä±h´úÁ>Á‹Á

z

³a—

{Á|“

Ä

Ç-Ì!±¾HÌ9»Ð³‘ÑH¸j±üÁ‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á z ³a“

Û Ù%¨

Ž

¬•¨

?

:9®9;‚ 8 ¨§‹¦?®K¨’­ 8 „秭 ¨­*§©

vv&Ñ

}Áz ûe´ƒ¼/±¾

å

·j»‘»‘·¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±¼H³u¸FÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á zz ³

}Áz Áz Ô ¾

Å

´9Ɓ»‘·¹j±h´ÿÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á zz ³

z

Á|{ Ë(´ƒéb±h´Æ

Å

´¤¹j±h´úÁ7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

zz

³

}Á|{ Ëj2–´±>Ë-¾$³‘¼HÁÎ%±¼H³u¸tÁ‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á zzz

}Á|{Áz Ô ¾

Å

´9Ɓ»‘·¹j±h´ÿÁ>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á zzz

}Á|{Á|{ Ë(´ƒéb±h´Æ

Å

´¤¹j±h´úÁ7Á‹Á>Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á7Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á>Á>Á‹Á7Á>Á>Á‹Á

zzz

›b¨’­N§®9¤­xw‰®1°"§ƒ®žV§{¨68 ©‰¨h vv&˜

³

(9)

Ý

sEá m"ptsYJî× á â

è{±h³u¼üÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´«Ê

Å

¾üÂb±hÉHÑ$Á¾H±h³uÌ

Å

´¹

å

¿V´ÞÆ ÌÇ/±¸ƒ¼/±h´ù³‘´«Ë(¾$Ñ$Ã9³u¼/±¸ƒ¼

Å

¾h͵ ±hÉH³u¹V´

Å

´ÆQ.÷±hÑÁ´³u¸

å

±¾Héb±h´Æ¤±¼

éb±¾$Ƥ±h´.Í

å

±¾$É

Å

Ñ$ä±h´úË(¾$Ñ$Ã9³u¼/±¸ƒ¼/±h´.Í!Ï Ä

Å

´É/¼H»u±¾NÍ9ϋ¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸ƒ¼/±

Å

¾H±

Å

´9Æì°Ó·¼Hä±hΙ·¼H³u¸j±¾7°²±¼Hä¿{Ƥ±h´ìÊ

Å

±h´¼8ñ

é(³‘ÑH¸j±h»‘´.́Ι³u¼+Ƥ±h´¤±h´²è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±h´

å

¿V´¶ÒG» Ä·jÑ$Á±h´²Æ·¾H¹j±hÉH¼/±h»‘»u¼

Å

´ÆºÌ!±¾H±hÑÁ´¤±¼Eéb±¾$Ƥ±h´È¸ Ä¿V´´¤±h´.Á

Ë(́Ì9³Ð»‘Æ

Å

´¤¹ z Áz ð´!é<±h³kϋ¿V´9É/¼/¾

Å

¸¼H³u¿V´É/ʱh³ÐÑ$Á´

Å

´¤¹j±h´

å

¿V´çö.±¿V´·¾$Ɓ¿²Æ·ÈÕi³‘´Ñ³D(•ÒG»

Å

¹VΖ·jÉHÑ$Á³Ð´¤±œ( z ~A——a*Í

ҁ±hƤ±¾H¸j¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸ƒ¼H³‘¿V´µ( z ~A“—a**

Å

´ÆË(¾$Ñ$Ã9³u¼/±¸ƒ¼

Å

¾Hʱh³‘Ñ$Ã9´

Å

´¹ Ƥ±¾Ï7³u¾$Ñ$Á±Eè{·j´ƒ¼H·>°Ó·¾$³‘·iƤ±h»{ž·¾hÍVž·¾$ѱh»u¿V´·

(•Âž·

Å

Ì!±¹V³‘´9´

z

}{—a*

ß3à[ß á ,(ãâ%äë'@$1B1 %& ;(,(qåÿ&-#$'

6

0%%/9! à[àà

Âb±hÉHÑä¾H±h³uÌ

Å

´¤¹j±h´

å

¿V´«è{Ñ$Ã9´³u¼/¼/±h´ç±h³‘´¤À•·jÑ$ä±¾%ÒG» Ä·jÑ$Á±h´

Å

´ÆÏ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾hÍ÷é(³u±?õÌ!±h´¤±h´@ÍÎ

Å

·jƤ±¾hÍG½^¿V»V0j±hƤ±¾hÍ

Ï Å

¹j±h» Í7ϋ±¹j±h»

Å

´Ææ´F0»‘³Ð´Æ¤±¾úéb·¾$±h´4Ì!±¾H±h³u¼HÉJõ

Å

¸{»‘³‘Æç(Gèé}{€1ê&{•€

å

Á\,žÃ¤¾NÁÖ*

Å

´ÆË(¾$³‘ÉH¼H·±

Å

ÉQ(Gè

}aŸ³xê&}³³

å

Á7,žÃ¤¾hÁ*+Ì!±¸K·j´9´¼Á"Ë

Å

ÀË

êê

¿V»u¿V´³

Å É å

¿V´Ó½^±¾H¹V·‹(Gèæ{•{1ê

z

“³

å

ÁØ,žÃ¤¾NÁ*+³ÐÉ/¼-Ƥ±¾iÂb±¹j¾$³dcýƤ±¾

Ï>±¹j±h»‘ÉHÑ$Ã9´³u¼/¼/±7Ê

Å ¾ Ä

Å

ÑH¸Ê

Å À Ä

Å

ä¾H±h´.Á

Ä

Ç-Ì!±¾ Ɓ³u±hÉ/±7É$Ñ$ä¾$³‘±Ì²±¾-±h³Ð´¤±ô·jÑü/Ì Ä·j´9Ɓ³u¹j±ôË(Ì9Á·j´9Ɓ»

Å

´¤¹¤Í³Ð´¶Æ³u±7·

Å

Ñ$Ã

Æ9³u±(õ¾H¹j±Ì9´³‘É$É/±

å

¿V´ºõ

Å

¸{»‘³‘Æ

Å

´Æ–Ë(¾$³‘ÉH¼H·±

Å

É<Ζ³u¼±h³‘´;·¿VÉHÉ/±h´@ÁË-¾Ñ$Á³‘Ι±hƤ±hɚ(ë{—aŸSê&{ z { å

Á;,žÃ¤¾hÁ*kéb±h´Æ¤±¼/±

Æ9³u±hÉ/±²õ¾H¹j±Ì9´³‘É$É/±

ê

¾$·¸¼H³‘ÉHÑë·j´@ð±¾üÌ!±hÉHÑä¾$³u±Ì«Î–³u¼–þ ³‘»uÀ±

å

¿V´ùõÌ"±h´±jÍÏ

Å

¹j±h» Ͳ´0{»‘³‘´Æ¤±¾

Å

´9ÆæƤ±¾H±h´

è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼/±ôè{Ñ$Ãé<±¾

ê9Å

´¤¸¼/±‹Ì!±hÉ/¼H³‘ΙÎô¼/±¾-ϋ¿V´ÉH¼/¾

Å

¸¼H³u¿V´¤±h´@Á

õ¾$É/¼iΙ³u¼iþ(³Ð»uÀ’±sƤ±¾‹Æ

Å

¾$ÑÃÓµ ±hÉHÑ·¾$¼/±hɃ(

z

€“•1ê

z

•€³A*‹Ì!±¹j¾VÄ

Å

´Æ¤±¼/±h´ì·j´·j»V0¼H³‘ÉHÑ$Á±h´úÔ ±¿VΙ±¼/¾$³u±%é

Å

¾Æ¤±7±hÉ

Î Ä¿j¹V»‘³‘Ñ$Ã.Í.Ò^»Ä·jÑ$ä±h´

Å

´ÆtƤ±¾H±h´ýè{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/±™Î–·¼Hä±hΙ·¼H³‘ÉHÑÃt±U¤·¸ƒ¼ôÊ

Å

Ì"±hÉ$Ñ$ä¾H±h³‘Ì"±h´.Áì Ä·jä¾H±h´9Ætµ(±hÉ$Ñ·¾H¼/±hÉ

½<Á³‘»u¿VÉH¿

ê Ã Å

´9Æ«½Ã0{ÉH³u¸j±¾ºéb·¾NÍ<Ì!±¹V·j´´àƤ±¾ÈÂb±¹j¾ Ä

Å

´Æ¤±¾ºÆ¤±¾ºÎ%¿{Ƥ±¾$´¤±h´àµi·¾$É/¼/±h»‘»u±h´9Ƥ±h´ÚÔi±¿VÎ%±¼/¾$³u±

ԋ·jÉ

ê

·¾<°²¿V´¤¹j±Ö(

z

Ÿx~A•1ê

z — z

—a*<É/±h³‘´±žÏ7·¾H¾$³u±¾H±E·j»‘ÉkÏ>¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸¼/±

Å ¾ Å

´9Æ4´!±h³‘Ñ$Á´±¾hÁjõ¾É/¼/±h»‘»‘¼/±žÏ

Å ¾ å

±h´

Å

´Æ

(10)

Å Å Å Å Å

Å

´Æȵi·jÑ$ä¸j¿V´ÉH¼/¾

Å

¸¼H³u¿V´

ÒG»QÄ·jÑä±h´ã·j»‘É\¼-³uøjʱh³ÐÑ$Á´

Å

´¤¹j±h´äƁ·¾

Å

´Æç±h´¼mé-³‘Ñ$¸j±h»u¼/±i¼+±¹j±h»‘´Ê

Å

¾%ϋ¿V´ÉH¼/¾

Å

¸¼H³u¿V´

å

¿V´«è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±h´.Á

°²¿V´¤¹j±¶¹V³Ð»u¼ôÊ

Å

Ƥ±hÎ ·j»‘É%Âb±¹j¾ Ä

Å

´Æ±¾™Æ¤±¾%µ ³Vc"±¾H±h´ƒ¼H³‘·j»u¹j±¿VΙ±¼/¾$³u±jÍƁ³u±ÈÉ

ê

Ä·¼/±¾

å

¿V´æõ

Å

»‘±¾i( z Ÿ³AŸSê z Ÿ—}a*

Å

´ÆÔi·

Å

ÉHÉÓ( z ŸŸŸNñ z —€€a*%é<±h³‘¼/±¾H±h´¼mé-³‘Ñ$¸j±h»u¼é

Å

¾$Ƥ±jÁ‰ö.±¼/ʼ/±¾H±¾%À Ä

Å

ä¾H¼/±?Ɓ³u±–½G·¾$·jΙ±¼/±¾$Ɓ·¾$É/¼/±h»Ð»

Å

´¤¹ÓÀ Ä

Å ¾

Ï Å ¾ å

±h´

Å

´9ÆÈÒ^» Ä·jÑ$ä±h´È±h³Ð´@́Ɓ³u±iÌ9³‘ÉEÁ±

Å

¼/±>±h³‘´¤±>Ɓ±¾Eé-³‘Ñ$üH³u¹VÉ/¼/±h´Óµi·¾$É/¼/±h»‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ/À¿j¾$Î%±h´º³‘É/¼Á

õ¾$É/¼J³‘´Æ±h´æŸ³¹j±¾Kí·jä¾H±h´4Ƥ±hɊ{³{ÁÖíV·jä¾Ã

Å

´9Ƥ±¾H¼HÉìÌ!±¹V·j´´¤±h´æ,b¿VÎ

ê9Å

¼/±¾JƁ³u±Q´!±h³‘Ñ$ä±h´ƒ¼H³‘ÉHÑä±æƤ±¾

Ï>¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸¼/±

Å

¾H±¶·Ì9Ê

Å » Ä¿VÉ/±h´@Ákµi³u±¶¸{»‘·jÉHÉ$³‘ÉHÑ$Á±ºÆ9·¾$É/¼/±h»‘»u±h´9Ƥ±h´æÔ ±¿VÎ%±¼/¾$³u±²é

Å

¾$Ƥ±ÈÆ

Å

¾$Ñ$ÃãƁ³‘±¶Î™·¼Hä±hΙ·Kñ

¼H³ÐÉHÑ$ä±ãÂb±hÉHÑä¾H±h³uÌ

Å

´¤¹

å

¿V´\Ï

Å ¾ å

±h´

Å

´ÆÒ^»mÄ·jÑ$ä±h´·Ì¹j±h»mÄ¿VÉ/¼Í‹Æ³u±¸j¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸¼H³

å

±æè{Ñ$Ã9´³u¼/¼/Ì!±¾H±hÑ$Ã9´

Å

´¹

Æ Å

¾$Ñ$Ãú´

Å

Î%±¾$³ÐÉHÑ$䱿{Ƥ±¾‹³u¼/±¾$·¼H³

å

±™Ë ´É Ä·¼/ʱ%Ê

Å

¾>ö Ä¿VÉ

Å

´¹?Ƥ±hɋ½¾H¿jÌ9»u±hΖÉÁ"õ<³‘´¤±O¼+±

å

¿V»

Å

¼H³u¿V´t³‘´úƁ³u±hÉ/±hÎ

Âb±¾H±h³ÐÑ$ÃæÉ/¼/±h»Ð»u¼/±h´ãƁ³u±

å

¿V´æ»¸±Êh³u±¾‰(G,E³u¼/¾H¿ ıh´E*

Å

´9Ƶ ±x,ž·jÉH¼/±h»Ç/·

Å

(•½‰±

Å

¹j¿j¼*

Å

´·Ì*à ķj´¤¹V³u¹ì±h´¼mé-³‘Ñ$¸j±h»u¼/±h´

ƒ¸±Êh³u±¾H¸

Å ¾ å

±h´

Å

´Æ ÒG»·jÑä±h´Ä Ɓ·¾hͺƁ³u±±hÉÚ±¾$»‘·

Å

́¼/±h´ ÒG»Ä·jÑä±h´

Å

´Æ Ï Å ¾ å

±h´ïΙ³‘¼àþ ³‘»uÀ±ëéb±h´³u¹j±¾

Ï>¿V´¼/¾H¿V»Ð»

ê9Å

´¤¸¼/±¶Æ·¾HÊ

Å

É/¼/±h»‘»u±h´@ÍkÊ

Å

Ι·j´³

ê9Å

»‘³u±¾$±h´

Å

´Ææ·

Å

À"Ç/±hƤ±hɖÌ!±h»‘³‘±Ì9³u¹j±²è&0{É/¼/±hÎ Ê Å Ä

Å

Ì!±¾H¼/¾$·¹j±h´@Á

è ê

±Êh³‘±h»‘»u±+õ³‘¹j±h´ÉHÑ$Ã9·À’¼/±h´ºÆ¤±¾b»¸±Êh³u±¾Æ·¾$É/¼/±h»‘»

Å

´¤¹7±¾Î Ä¿j¹V»‘³‘Ñü/±h´º·

Å

ÑÃüƁ³‘±(õ´ƒ¼Qé(³‘ÑH¸{»

Å

´¤¹7±h³‘´¤±hÉ<¾H¿jÌ

Å

É/¼/±h´

³‘¼/±¾$·¼H³

å

±h´ è{Ñ$Ã9´³u¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³‘¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉÁÓµi³u±¥×-¿j¼mé<±h´9Ɓ³u¹j¸j±h³u¼ÒG» Ä·jÑ$Á±h´BÌ!±h»‘³‘±Ì9³u¹j±¾£Ò¿j¾$ΠΙ³u¼ë¹ Ä

Å

´É/¼H³u¹j±h´

·±¾$¿ÆC0{´·jΙ³ÐÉHÑ$ä±h´õ<³u¹j±h´ÉHÑÁ·À’¼/±h´ÿÆ9·¾$É/¼/±h»‘»u±h´óÊ

Å

¸@Ä¿V´´¤±h´@Ís¼/¾$³u±ÌÿƁ³u±Úõ´ƒ¼Qé(³‘ÑH¸{»

Å

´¤¹éb±h³u¼/±¾

å

¿j¾$·j´@ð

µi·¾$ÉH¼/±h»‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉHÀ’¿j¾$Ι±h´úÀ Ä

Å

¾è

ê

»‘³‘´±ñQÏ

Å ¾ å

±h´

Å

´ÆìñQÒG»Ä·jÑä±h´·

Å

ÀbƁ±¾7ž·jÉH³‘É

å

¿V´çϋ¿V´ƒ¼/¾H¿V»‘»‘´¤±¼/ʱh´ýé

Å

¾$Ɓ±h´

³Ð´¶Æ¤±h´¶´ Ä·jÑÁÉ/¼/±h´‰íV·jä¾H±h´

å

¿V´ì°Ó·¼Hä±hΙ·¼H³u¸j±¾´

Å

´Æºû8´¤¹j±h´³‘±

Å

¾H±h´È±h´ƒ¼Qé-³ÐÑH¸j±h»u¼Í"Ɓ³u±‹¹j¾ Ä¿jøj¼/±h´ƒ¼/±h³‘»‘É ³‘´ÈƤ±h´

õ<´¼mé-³‘Ñ$¸»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·Ì¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹j±h´ºÆ¤±¾-Ë

Å

¼/¿ñHÍ9ÒG»

Å

¹jʱ

Å

¹ñ

Å

´Æ²è{ÑÁ³dc@ÉH³‘´Æ

Å

É/¼/¾$³u± ·¾HÌ!±h³u¼/±¼/±h´@Á

û8´ëΙ¿Æ¤±¾´¤±h´î,žË µ-ñeè0É/¼/±hΙ±h´£É

ê

³u±h»u±h´

ê

·¾$·jΙ±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±

Å

´Æî³ÐÎ

ê

»‘³uÊh³‘¼/±úÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´Æ¤±+*´³u¼H³u¿V´¤±h´î´±Ì"±h´

½^¿V»V0¹j¿V´´¤±¼/ʱh´

Å

´ÆÇ(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ· Ä·jÑä±h´ãƁ³u±?é-³‘ÑüH³‘¹VÉ/¼/±µ¼+¿V»‘»‘±jÁGµi·jə½¾H¿jÌ9»u±hÎßƤ±¾%¾$¿jÌ

Å

É/¼/±h´

Å

´Æ

É$Ñ$Á´¤±h»Ð»u±h´æè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/Ì!±¾H±hÑ$Á´

Å

´¤¹ìÊéb±h³u±¾–ÒG»QÄ·jÑ$Á±h´æ³‘É/¼Ì9³‘Éä±

Å

¼/±¶´

Å ¾ ê

·¾$¼H³u±h»‘»b¹j±h»QÄ¿VÉ/¼ð®ìt±¾Æ¤±h´ã´

Å

¾%Ì"±ñ

¹j¾$±h´¤Ê¼7õ³Ð´ÉHÑ$Á¾ Ä·j´¤¸

Å

´¤¹–Ì!±Ê Ä

Å

¹V»Ð³‘Ñ$ÃìÊ

Å

¹j±h»‘·jÉ$É/±h´¤±¾7ÒG»Ä·jÑä±h´¼ï0

ê

±h´t¹j±hΖ·jÑ$ü͉±¾Héb±h³‘É/¼‹ÉH³ÐÑ$ÃtƁ·jÉ>½¾H¿jÌ9»u±hÎ

³ÐΙÎ%±¾i´¤¿ÑÃt·j»‘ÉiÉ/±hä¾ ¸j¿VÎ

ê

»u±U!Á@õYU¤·¸ƒ¼/±

Å

´9Æ

å

¿j¾>·j»‘»‘±hÎ2É$Ñ$Á´¤±h»Ð»u±ôö ¿VÉÄ

Å

´¤¹j±h´ì±U¤³‘É/¼H³u±¾H±h´ì´

Å

¾iÀ Ä

Å

¾ ±h³‘´³uñ

¹j±ºè

ê

±Êh³‘·j»uÀ Ä·j»‘»u±jÁ*µi³u±%¹j¾ Ä¿jøj±¾>é<±¾Æ¤±h´Æ¤±h´tË ´¤À¿j¾$Ƥ±¾

Å

´¹j±h´ÓÌ!±Ê Ä

Å

¹V»Ð³‘Ñ$ÃúÒG»u±U¤³uÌ9³‘»‘³‘¼ Ä·¼(³‘Î µ ±hÉH³u¹V´

Å

´ÆìÌ"±h³

Ɓ±¾žÏ>¿VÎ7Ì9³Ð´·¼H³u¿V´

å

±¾$ÉHÑÁ³u±hƤ±h´¤±¾Eµi·¾$É/¼/±h»Ð»

Å

´¤¹VÉHÎ ¿j¹V»‘³‘Ñ$Á¸j±h³u¼/±h´Ä

å

¿V´ÈÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´@ͤ»‘·jÉHÉH±h´?É$³‘Ñ$ú·

Å

ÑÃÈ·

Å

À‰Æ³‘±

Ë ´¤À¿j¾$Ƥ±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´È·j´¶Æ³u±ôè¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙ±h´ Ä

Å

Ì"±¾$¼/¾$·¹j±h´@Á

(11)

Å z ê Ä

Å Å Å Å Å

Ñä±¾EÒG» Ä·jÑ$ä±h´ƒ¼0

ê

±h´ü³Ð´™±h³‘´¤±hÎò±h³‘´¤Êh³u¹j±h´?Â^¼+±

ê

ñm°²¿{Ƥ±h»‘» Áµi³u± ž³‘»‘Ƥ±¾<é

Å

¾$Ƥ±h´–Ƥ±h´»ìt±Ì9ÉH±h³u¼/±h´ºÆ¤±¾".‰±Ì9³‘É8ñ

Ë-Ô(•Ãƒ¼/¼

ê

𠶶 é+é+é>Á¼/±Ì*³‘ÉÁƤ±x¶*b±h´ƒ¼H´¤¿VΙΙ±h´@Á

ß3àÃð à[àà

3 576 0%%/9!=?@ 6 0%>%& :-,(1BD%#Hñs IJ#KC) 6 0i;(.=%%Oâ%

µi³u±æ·jÎ é<±h³u¼/±hÉH¼/±h´

å

±¾H́¾H±h³‘¼/±¼/±h´ò°¶±¼HÁ¿Æ¤±h´4Ê

Å Î õ´ƒ¼Qé

Å

¾HÀ–¸j¿VÎ

ê

»u±U±¾ŠÆȉÇ8±¸¼/±æ³‘´¢,žË µÍ¶,žËi°Èñ

è0É/¼/±hΙ±h´ ÉH³‘´ÆïÉ/¿j¹j±h´·j´9´¼/±òÒG»QÄ·jÑä±h´

å

±¾HÌ

Å

´Æ±jͺÆ.ÁÃ@ÁÈƁ·jÉîÆ ÌÇ/±¸ƒ¼Úé-³‘¾$Æï·

Å

ÉîÎ%±hä¾H±¾$±h´ õ³‘´¤Ê±h»uñ

· Ä·jÑ$ä±h´E¶ Õk¿V»

Å

Ι³‘´·(Ê

Å

ÉH·jΖÎ%±h´¤¹j±hÉ/±¼/ʼÁò ¨ 68

­ ¨:Eh­N§Ó󻂧®x9¤­K¨

?

©µ<œ=9

8

®K§{©g-g^§hšˆÈ§h ¨Z:"©‚^®

?

žV§&hShh§&h

¨h­-gG¨’§/Ù§® § 68 ©7w^©:É°

? © 5768 ©^¨Ð­N­N§©§{¨•©÷§&h쩉§wNžAw:*§¨S=w:9­N§{©N…-¬ï=9 68 §{©h­;=w 6 ­7h‹„稒­

Ž

§®K§¨’­1h

° ? ® 8 9*©g^§©‰§{©Š…(¬ï=9 68 §©/w^©g/gG¨§?§™Ø9;­!­N§ÓÙ§hh­ ¨_„Š„‹w^©:œg‰§®%©÷§wý§{©"­1h­x99©g^§{©÷§{©

Ë ? ‚ ? ¬? :*¨§9¯

Ò Ä

Å

¾îÒG»Ä·jÑä±h´

å

±¾$Ì

Å

´Æ¤±±U¤³‘É/¼H³u±¾H±h´2Êéb±h³ú́Êé>ÁºÆ¤¾H±h³

å

±¾$ÉHÑÁ³u±hƤ±h´¤±Ï‹¿V´9É/¼/¾

Å

¸¼H³u¿V´É8ñ

Å

´Æ2µi·¾$É/¼/±h»fñ

ȁ

´¤¹VÉHÎ Ä¿j¹V»Ð³‘Ñ$ä¸j±h³‘¼/±h´@ð

ô Û ?

©h­ ®w 6 ­ ¨Z°*§ 5 ?

¬¨g¢õ?§

?

„秭 ®1fNö Û»5 õœ÷Nð!õ³‘´Ð,+è9Ô(ñm°¶¿{Ƥ±h»‘»‰é-³u¾Æ²Î™³u¼iþ ³‘»uÀ±

å

¿V´J°²±h´¤¹j±h´{ñ

¿ ê

±¾$·¼H³u¿V´¤±h´t·

Å É å

±¾$ÉHÑÁ³u±hƤ±h´¤±h´

å

¿j¾H¹j±¹j±Ì!±h´¤±ü½¾$³‘Ι³u¼H³

å

±h´²Ê

Å

É$·jΙÎ%±h´¤¹j±hÉ/±¼/ʼÁGµi·Ì!±h³kÉH³‘´ÆtƁ³‘±

ÒG»Ä·jÑ$Á±

Å

´Æº³‘ä¾Eû8´´¤±¾$±hÉE¹V»u±h³‘Ñä±¾$Ι·øj±h´¶Æ±+9´³u±¾H¼Á

ô Ù ?

w^©gX9®xfÚºü§&‚^® §&hh§{©"­19¤­ ¨

?

©øöÙOºü§&‚‡÷NðEõ³‘´ùÂϼ-±

ê

ñm°²¿Æ¤±h»Ð»-Ì!±hÉHÑä¾H±h³ú¼ü±h³‘´¤±h´àϖĿj¾

ê

±¾º´

Å ¾

Æ Å

¾Ñ$ÃsÉ/±h³‘´¤±b¿j¾$³u±h´ƒ¼H³u±¾H¼/±jÆ Ì!±¾ · Ä·jÑä±jÍjÆ@ÁÃ@Á·j»‘ÉGϋ¿VÎôÌ9³‘´·¼H³u¿V´

å

¿V´™õ<ÑH¸

ê9Å

´¤¸¼/±h´@͏Ï>·j´¼/±h´.͏ÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´

Å

´ÆùÆ ¾$³u±h´ƒ¼H³u±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´@ÁVû8Îܼ/¿

ê

¿V»‘¿j¹V³‘ÉHÑ$Á±h´Ó.‰±h³‘»"Ƥ±¾žÂ<±hÉ$Ñ$ä¾H±h³‘Ì

Å

´¤¹sé<±¾Æ¤±h´× ·jÑ$ÃÌ9·¾$É$Ñ$Á·À¼HÉ/Ì!±Êh³u±ñ

à Å

´¤¹j±h´

Å

´ÆúÆ ¾³u±h´¼H³‘±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´Æ¤±¾™õ»‘±hÎ%±h´¼/±ÈÀ±hÉ/¼/¹j±h»u±¹j¼Í<é ·jä¾H±h´9ƳдƁ±¾%¹j±¿VÎ%±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±h´«Âb±ñÄ

ÉHÑä¾H±h³uÌ

Å

´¤¹tƁ³u±²õ<³‘´Ì!±¼/¼

Å

´¹úƁ±¾üÒG» Ä·jÑ$Á±h´¤±h»u±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼/±ì³ÐÎû¼-·

Å Î å

¿j¾H¹j±h´¤¿VΙΙ±h´«é-³‘¾$ÆÞ(ÊjÁ ÁbƁ³‘±

Ι·¼Hä±hΖ·¼H³‘ÉHÑ$Á±¶Â<±hÉ$Ñ$ä¾H±h³‘Ì

Å

´¤¹tƤ±¾™ÒG»Ä·jÑä±x*ÁÒG» Ä·jÑ$Á±h´ãé<±¾Æ¤±h´äÀ’¿j¾Î™·j»EƁ·Ì!±h³žÉ/¿tÌ!±hÉHÑ$ä¾³u±Ì!±h´@Í

Ɓ·øȳ‘ä¾$±Ö×(¿j¾$Ι·j»u±h´t´·jÑÃt·

Å

øj±h´úʱh³u¹j±h´@Á@½¾$·¸ƒ¼H³ÐÉHÑ$Ãúé-³‘¾$ÆÓÆ9³u±ô¼/¿

ê

¿V»u¿j¹V³ÐÉHÑ$ä±û8´¤À¿j¾$Ι·¼H³u¿V´Ó±h³‘´¤±hÉ

Â^¼+±

ê

ñm°²¿{Ƥ±h»‘»‘ÉsÊjÁ Á³‘´KìÚ³‘´¤¹j±hÆ{ñQõ<Ƥ¹j±Èµ ·¾É/¼/±h»‘»

Å

´¹ü(‘þ(¿c@Ι·j´´‹’|—“”*>¿{Ƥ±¾™·j»‘É%É$³‘Î

ê

»u±ºË ÆÇ/·Kñ

ʱh´¤ÊhΙ·¼/¾³dU‹(‘Ï>¾$³‘ÉHÁ´9·j´ü±¼(·j» Áؒ|“aŸx”*b¹j±hÉ

ê

±h³ÐÑ$ä±¾H¼Á

ô

õ³Ð´¤±‹Ï‹¿VÎ7Ì*³‘´·¼H³u¿V´ÈƤ±¾-Ì"±h³ÐƤ±h´?Õk±¾HÀ·jÁ¾H±h´@Á

Âb±h³‘Ɓ±¶µ ·¾É/¼/±h»‘»

Å

´¹VÉH·¾H¼/±h´æÁ·Ì!±h´œÇ/±é<±h³‘»ÐÉ%Õk¿j¾/ñ

Å

´9ÆK× ·jÑ$ü/±h³‘»u±jÁEè¿J³‘É/¼±h³‘´ú,-èÔ(ñm°²¿Æ¤±h»Ð»E³‘ΙÎ%±¾%¼/¿ñ

ê

¿V»u¿j¹V³ÐÉHÑ$Ãì¸j¿j¾H¾H±¸¼Í!é Ä·jä¾H±h´9ƲÌ!±h³÷Â^¼-±

ê

ñm°¶¿{Ƥ±h»‘»‘±h´ì³Ð´4Ç/±hƤ±hÎïϋ¿V´É/¼/¾

Å

¸ƒ¼H³‘¿V´ÉHÉHÑä¾$³u¼/¼-Æ9³u±7¼/¿

ê

¿V»u¿j¹V³‘É$Ñ$ä±

Ï>¿j¾H¾H±¸¼Hä±h³u¼J´·jÑä¹j±

ê ¾ Ä

Å

À¼Jéb±¾$Ƥ±h´4Î

Å

ø¤Á7Â^¼-±

ê

ñm°¶¿{Ƥ±h»‘»‘±æÉH³‘´ÆƁ·À Ä

Å

¾J»u±h³ÐÑ$ü/±¾ýÊ

Åå

³‘É

Å

·j»Ð³‘ÉH³u±¾$´·j»‘É

(12)

Å Å Å Å Å ê Å

¼-±

ê

¾H±hÉ/±h´9·¼H³u¿V´É ¿%ÉH³‘±h䱋ÊjÁ ÁX‘þ(¿c!Ι·j´9´‹’|—“”‰Ï>·

ê

³u¼/±h»Ø{Á~¤Á

õ<³‘´ Ë »u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î

Å É Ê Å Î è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼ Êéb±h³u±¾ ÏüÄ¿j¾

ê

±¾ ³‘´ Âb¿

Å

´Æ·¾[0 ¼-±

ê

¾H±hÉ/±h´ƒ¼H·¼H³u¿V´ é-³u¾$Æ ³‘´

‘Ï>¾$³‘ÉHÁ´9·j´ü±¼(·j» Áؒ|“aŸx”GÌ!±hÉHÑ$ä¾³u±Ì!±h´@Á*µi·Ì!±h³^é-³u¾$ÆìƤ±¾7è{Ñ$Ã9´³u¼/¼/Ì!±¾H±hÑ$Ã9´

Å

´¹üƤ±¾i±h³‘´¤Ê±h»Ð´¤±h´Ó½G·¼HÑä±hÉ>Ƥ±¾

¹j¾ ¿jøj¼/±‰.‰±h³‘»+Ƥ±¾üÌ!±h´Ä ¿j¼H³u¹j¼/±h´¹´!±h³u¼™ÊÄ

Å

¹j±hÉHÑä¾$³u±Ì!±h´@Á<µ(±¾?Ë(»‘¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

É%é-³‘¾$Æ泑´æΙ±hä¾H±¾H±œ.‰±h³‘»‘É$Ñ$ä¾$³‘¼/¼/±

Å

´¼/±¾H¼/±h³Ð»u¼ð

z Á3¼+±hÆ

Å

Êh³u±¾

Å

´¹sƤ±¾(Ë(´¤Êh·jÃ9».Ƥ±¾+Ê

Å

É$Ñ$Á´¤±h³ÐƤ±h´Æ¤±h´º½G·¼HÑ$ä±hÉ

(•·A*ÈÒ

Ä

Å

¾™·j»‘»u±¶½G·¼HÑä±həéb±¾$Ƥ±h´æ·jÑÁÉ/±h´

ê

·¾$·j»‘»u±h»u±Èõ<³‘´ÉHÑÁ»‘³u±ø

Å

´¹j±h´çÌ!±¾H±hÑÁ´¤±¼ÍÆ9³u±ÈΙ³u¼±h³‘´¤±hÎ

±h³‘´¤À•·jÑ$Á±h´Óè¿j¾H¼H³u±¾·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ɞ·

Å

Àè{Ñ$Ã9´³u¼/¼

Å

´ƒ¼/±¾$É

Å

ÑüEéb±¾$Ƥ±h´.Á

(Ì*ºÒ Ä

Å

¾G½^·j·¾$±j͏Æ9³u±<ÉH³ÐÑ$Ãô±

å

±h´¼

Å

±h»Ð»É$Ñ$Á´¤±h³ÐƤ±h´@Íhéb±¾$Ƥ±h´s±h´¤¹j±¾H±žõ³Ð´ÉHÑ$Ã9»‘³u±ø

Å

´¤¹j±h´>Ì"±¾$±hÑ$Á´¤±¼

Å

´Æ

Ι³u¼/¼/±h»ÐÉ»‘³‘´¤±h·¾$±¾½¾H¿j¹j¾$·jΖΙ³u±¾

Å

´¹‹Ì"±hÉH¼H³‘ΙÎô¼ÍV¿j̖±h³‘´±+É/±

ê

·¾$³u±¾$±h´Æ¤±+õÌ!±h´¤±-Êé-³‘ÉHÑä±h´™Æ¤±h´

Ì!±h³‘Ƥ±h´?Õk¿V»

Å

Ι±h´È±U{³ÐÉ/¼H³u±¾H¼Á

{Á(½G·¾$·j»‘»u±h»Ð³‘ÉH³u±¾

Å

´¤¹ôƤ±¾(è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼

ê

¾H¿jʱhÆ

Å

¾EÀ Ä

Å

¾+·j»‘»‘± Ä

Å

́¾$³u¹j¹j±Ì*»‘³u±Ì!±h´¤±h´?½^·¼HÑÃ

ê

·j·¾H±jÁ

(•·A*²è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼

ê

¾$¿jʱhÆ

Å

¾+À

Ä

Å

¾-±h³Ð´¶±h³‘´¤Ê±h»Ð´¤±hÉ-½G·¼HÑ$Ã

ê

·j·¾ƒ(•³‘´²Æ9³u±hÉ/±hÎ Ò9·j»‘»÷±h³Ð´¶Õk±¾HÀ¿V»u¹

Å

´¤¹VÉ$·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ{ñ

Î Å

ÉEΙ³u¼+ö÷¿ƒ¿

ê

ñQµ ±¼/±hѼH³u¿V´

Å

´ÆÈÇ ´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¹Æ±hÉ+½G·¾$·jÎ%±¼/±¾H¹j±Ì9³‘±¼/±hÉ*

(Ì*µ´

Å

É$·jΙÎ%±h´É/±¼/ʱh´²Æ¤±¾(è{Ñ$Ã9´³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±>Ƥ±hÉXÇ/±éb±h³‘»‘³u¹j±h´È½G·¼HÑ$Á±hÉÁ

}Á(ϋ¿VÎôÌ9³‘´·¼H³‘¿V´?Ɓ±¾+Ì!±¾H±hÑ$Á´±¼/±h´ìè{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±h´ÈƤ±¾

å

±¾$ÉHÑ$Ã9³u±hƤ±h´¤±h´¶½G·¼HÑä±hÉÁ

~¤Á(õ¾$¹j±Ì9´³‘Éž³‘É/¼E±h³Ð´¤±>É/¼ Ä

Å

Ñ$¸ƒéb±h³‘É/±7µi·¾$ÉH¼/±h»‘»

Å

´¤¹%Ƥ±¾iè{Ñ$Á´9³u¼/¼/¸

Å ¾ å

±jÁ

ß3à†ý

576 0%%/9!)+#H&-,(.8@0%1 '\A"C4D)E@)+1 G".$' 6 0 IJ#KC) 6 0<

Ç ´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±h´¹j±hà ¿j¾H±h´ãÊÄ

Å

Ƥ±h´äÊ

Łå

±¾$» Ä·jÉHÉH³‘¹VÉ/¼/±h´æË »u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙ±h´çÀ Ä

Å

¾™Æ¤±h´«è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼sÊéb±h³u±¾

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘É$Ñ$ä±¾ëÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´

ê

·¼HÑä±hÉÁì褳u±\±¾HÀ Ä

Å

»‘»u±h´

å

³‘±¾íƤ±¾îÀ Ä

Å

´¤ÀçË ´¤À¿j¾$Ƥ±¾

Å

´¹j±h´2·j´F±h³‘´¤±h´ï¹

Å

¼/±h´

è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

Éð%è{³u±àÉH³‘´Æò¹j±h´·

Å

ÍÊ

Ťå

±¾$» Ä·jÉ$ÉH³u¹¤ÍÉ/±h»uÌ9É/¼ Ä·j´9Ɓ³u¹

Å

´9Æó·

Å

À¶·j»Ð»u±àË(¾H¼/±h´

å

¿V´

ê

·¾$·Kñ

Ι±¼/¾$³‘ÉHÑä±h´ÚÒ^» Ä·jÑ$ä±h´î·j´ƒé<±h´9ƤÌ9·¾hÁžõ³‘´±Óϋ¿VÎôÌ9³‘´·¼H³‘¿V´

å

¿V´îõ<³u¹j±h´ÉHÑÁ·À’¼/±h´.ÍbƁ³‘±Ó¸·

Å Î ±h³‘´à·j´Æ¤±¾H±¾

è¤Ñ$Á´³‘¼/¼H·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁÎ

Å

ÉEÌ!±hÉH³‘¼/ʼÁ*µi³u±ôÁ¿Vä±7ö÷·

Å

À’ʱh³u¼

Å

´Æȱh³Ð´¶¹j¾H¿jøj±¾7è

ê

±h³‘Ñä±¾

å

±¾H́¾·

Å

Ñ$ÃÈÌ!±h³.ÉH¼/±h³u¹j±h´Æ¤±h´

Ë ´¤À¿j¾$Ƥ±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´4·j´ÜƁ³u±ùÔ ±h´·

Å

³u¹j¸j±h³u¼çƁ±¾çõ¾$¹j±Ì9´³‘ÉHÉH±jÍ

å

±¾$Á³‘´9Ƥ±¾H¼/±h´4·j»‘»‘±¾$Ɓ³‘´¤¹VÉúéb±h³u¼/¹j±hä±h´9ÆòƤ±h´

ê

¾$·¸ƒ¼H³ÐÉHÑ$ä±h´²õ³‘´É$·¼/ʋ¾H±h³‘´¤±¾+Ç ´¼/±¾$¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉ$·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÁΙ±h´@Á

û8´Æ³u±hÉ/±¾Ë-¾$Ì"±h³‘¼7éb±¾$Ƥ±h´Î%±hä¾H±¾H±üÕk±¾HÌ!±hÉHÉ/±¾

Å

´¤¹j±h´ýÀ Ä

Å

¾Ç(´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¤¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾³u¼HÁÎ%±h´

å

¿j¾H¹j±hÉHÑ$Ã9»‘·¹j±h´@Í

Ɓ±¾H±h´2ʱh´¼/¾$·j»‘±hÉîõ»u±hÎ%±h´ƒ¼à±h³‘´¤±£´±

Å

±ҁ¿j¾$Î

å

¿V´ïþ Ä

Å

»Ð»u¸ Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾´ÿÌ9³‘»‘Ɓ±¼ðüƁ³u±

"!$#%&&'î(•ö÷ûeõ<É*Á<ö÷ûeõ<É

Å

´¼/±¾$É$Ñ$ä±h³‘Ɓ±h´ùÉH³ÐÑ$ëÆ

Å

¾$Ñ$Ã೑ä¾$±

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾³‘ÉHÑ$Á±ÓÒ¤¿j¾$Î ±hÉHÉH±h´¼H³u±h»Ð»

å

¿V´

Á±¾H¸!Ä¿VΖΙ»‘³‘Ñä±h´\¸j¿VÎ

ê

·¸¼/±h´óþüÄ

Å

»‘»‘¸!Ä¿j¾

ê

±¾$´.Á‹è{³‘±ã±¾$»‘·

Å

Ì!±h´\±h³‘´¤±

å Ä¿V»‘»Ð³u¹î´¤±

Å

±«Âb±hÁ·j´Æ9»

Å

´¤¹íƤ±¾ýÌ"±h³

Ç ´ƒ¼/±¾H¼/±h³‘»

Å

´¹VÉH·j»u¹j¿j¾$³u¼HÃ9Î%±h´ú·

Å

À’¼/¾$±¼/±h´Æ¤±h´Ð.‰±h³‘»

ê

¾$¿jÌ9»u±hÎ%±jÍ"é-³u±–è{ÑÁ´³u¼/¼/±hÉ/¼Í.½G·¾$·jΙ±¼/±¾H¹j±Ì9³u±¼HÉ/¾$±hÆ

Å

Êh³u±ñ

¾ Å

´¤¹¤ÍÇ ´¼/±¾H¼/±h³Ð»

Å

´¤¹VÉHÉH¼/¾$·¼/±¹V³u±

Å

´ÆºÕk±¾$À’±h³‘´±¾

Å

´¤¹™Æ¤±¾+õ¾H¹j±Ì9´³ÐÉHÉ/±jÁ

× ·jÑ$ÃàƤ±¾–õ<³‘´¤À Ä

Å

ä¾

Å

´¤¹²¹j¾

Å

´Æ»u±¹j±h´Æ±¾Âb±¹j¾$³Vc"±²³ÐΤ´

Å

ÉH·jΖÎ%±h´Ã·j´¤¹tΙ³‘¼

ê

·¾$·jÎ%±¼/¾$³‘É$Ñ$ä±h´æÒG» Ä·jÑä±h´

Å

´Æ²±h³Ð´¤±¾‹·j´·j»V0¼H³‘ÉHÑ$öK·j»u¹j±Ì¾$·j³‘É$Ñ$ä±h´tÒ¤¿j¾Î

Å

»Ð³u±¾

Å

´¤¹?Ƥ±hÉi½¾H¿jÌ*»u±hΙÉi³‘´ìÏ>·

ê

³u¼/±h»Y{Í!é-³u¾$Æ쳑´úÏ>·

ê

³‘¼/±h»X}

Referanser

RELATERTE DOKUMENTER

Thus, the extent to which Russian PMSCs will act on behalf of the Russian government in future international conflicts is likely to be crucial in terms of the effect their

If the HW corrected camera with 0.05 pixel residual keystone is being used to capture a much brighter scene (five times more light), then the misregistration errors caused by

A distributed localization for WSN using binary PSO (BPSO) has been proposed in [19]. The authors showed the fast computation of the BPSO algorithm on the WSN sensor node

In this paper, we present a math- ematical analysis of the velocity obstacle algorithm applied to a vehicle that is subject to nonholonomic constraints, for avoiding a moving

The caput humeri are similar to that of Zygodactylus (Mayr 2008), and the incisura capitis is wide. The distal end of the humerus is crushed, but the processus

I Approximate implicitization combines algebraic geometry, computer aided design and linear algebra to o¤er a family of methods for the approximation of parametric curves and

Starting with a triangulated set of scat- tered data with associated function values, our scheme applies linear, stationary subdivision rules resulting in a hierarchy of

Keywords: subdivision surfaces, normal control, mesh deformation, N-adic

We presented a new description for subdivision surfaces based on a graph grammar formalism. Subdivision schemes are specified by a context sensitive grammar in which the

In order to utilise existing computing power and memory optimally, each face of the basis mesh receives a reasonable subdivision depth (Section 3.2): The parts of the mesh with a

In particular, if refine(S ,i) is applied to each face F i of the mesh, we in fact perform a uniform refinement step and the resulting control mesh has to be identical to the

Before we consider the surface, case, we examine the simple problem of modifying the subdivision rules for a uniform cubic spline in the neighborhood of a single vertex v such that

In contrast with the natural parameterization of subdivision surfaces character- ized by diverging first order derivatives around extraordinary vertices of valence higher than four,

the topological relationships existing between the various edges, faces, volumes of a 3D model described by a set of surfaces of any type (parametric, triangulated, meshed etc.)..

115.. Figure 3: From left to right: a) original model with 30696 sample points, b) initial approximation with 461 control points, L 2 error 82.9, c) after 25 parameter correction

Approximating Subdivision with RBF Kernels A key observation for our method is that if we study the be- havior of a subdivision algorithm (surface or volume) after an infinite number

Very few sketch-based design systems are concerned with editing low-poly models, or with sketching control meshes for subdivision surfaces.. Much early work was on recogniz- ing

We present a discretization of Koiter’s model of elastic thin shells based on a finite element that employs limit surfaces of Catmull–Clark’s subdivision scheme.. The discretization

4.3 Subdivision Surfaces 157 According to the benchmarks presented above, the distance between an arbitrary point and a subdivision surface should be determined using an efficient

By adding Bezier crusts based on these difference vectors to the given subdivision surface, the new parametric surface interpolates the given data mesh and keeps the continuity of

While deformable surfaces are represented as displaced Catmull-Clark subdivision surfaces, we voxelize the actual surface geometry of rigid objects in order to determine

We introduced a novel parallel algorithm suitable for computing Catmull-Clark subdivision using a halfedge mesh data-structure.. Our algorithm yields state-of-the-art performances

The factorisation is described here for the univariate case, where a B-spline curve is specified using a control polygon. For a surface controlled by a mesh with regular